The village of Anemotia is located in the north-western part of Lesvos (Lesbos), 55 km from the town of Mytilini (Mytilene). It is the third village after Kalloni on the way to Sigri and Eressos. Anemotia is built on the eastern slopes of Mount Kouratsonas at an altitude of 360 m. The name “Anemotia” derives from the Greek expression “stou anemou ta ota”, meaning “in the ears of the wind”. As the name shows, it is a very windy place. Anemotia, like many villages in Lesvos, was established after smaller settlements were united, to ensure better protection from pirate attacks. Ruins of those medieval settlements, which formed Anemotia, can still be seen in the area.
Most of Anemotia inhabitants were stonecutters and their craftsmanship can still be seen in the stone-built traditional houses of the village. Therefore Anemotia has to show some really fine examples of local architecture, including the Mansion of Emilia, the Old School (built in 1898), the stone fountain of Kalokostas (1729), the Turkish baths and a small stone bridge next to them.
Visitors are also advised to visit the Anemotia Museum, especially if interested in old ecclesiastical items, including bibles, icons and canonicals.
There are lot of Churches in the village. The church of Metamorphosis of Sotiros (Transfiguration of Christ) is the largest one. It is a three-aisled basilica, built in grey-reddish stones, with a fine bell tower. Worth-visiting are also churches of Zoodochos Pigi (an inscribed-cross Byzantine church) and of Agios Georgios, a one-aisled basilica. There are lot of chapels in the area.
Farming, olive-growing in particular, is the main source of livelihood for the residents of the village.